RVSM Pilot Training Courses (reduced vertical separation minimum)

Already in the late 80s of the last century, it became clear that the constant growth in air traffic poses a serious problem for world civil aviation, namely the acute shortage of airspace. The first step in this direction was the active use of the RNAV method of navigation, that is, zonal navigation. In parallel with the introduction of RNAV, the issue of reducing the interval between aircraft in the vertical plane was actively studied. A concept was developed at ICAO to reduce vertical separation in the upper airspace between FL290 and FL410 from 2000 feet to 1000 feet, that is, 300 meters. This concept is called RVSM - reduced vertical separation minimum or reduced vertical separation intervals.

The introduction of the RVSM separation system began in 1997 from the North Atlantic region, where vertical separation intervals between FL330 and FL370 were set for the first time to 1,000 feet. Since 2000, a massive transition to RVSM intervals around the world began. By 2005, the RVSM system had already been installed in almost the entire European region and the western hemisphere.

To date, all the ICAO member countries have established RVSM between FL290 and FL410 in their airspace. China, Mongolia and the DPRK stand apart. They refused to switch to a foot height measurement system, however, they introduced RVSM in meter values.

To perform RVSM flight operations, flight crew members need to undergo special training, and aircraft must have the appropriate permission for flights in the RVSM space, issued by the aviation authorities of the country to operators and appropriate serviceable equipment.

The training program for aviation personnel to fly in the areas of reduced minimum vertical separation intervals RVSM is developed in accordance with international and national documents that regulate the procedures and rules for performing flights in these airspaces (areas) to train the appropriate flight crew members flying zones. The program concerns one-time training for specialists who have a valid certificate of a pilot, navigator, airborne radio operator. The program can be used to train specialists who have lost their certificate due to a break in flight operations for more than a specified period, at which retraining is required and that appropriate flight tolerances are obtained.